This course seeks to promote an understanding of the legal structures, processes, reasoning and legal methods within the legal system of England and Wales. The study of law can contribute to a candidate’s understanding of ethical, moral and cultural issues, for example, law reform, human rights and legal values as well as judge-made law and policy. Students will become aware that legal decisions are influenced by the ethics and moral and cultural values of the individuals and the legal system.

The course is designed to encourage students to develop and sustain their enjoyment of, and interest in, law. Students acquire knowledge of selected areas of law and the legal system in England and Wales and develop an understanding of legal method and reasoning. They develop the techniques of logical thinking, and the skills necessary to analyse and solve problems by applying legal rules and communicate legal arguments and conclusions with reference to appropriate legal authority, hopefully arriving at a critical awareness of the changing nature of law in society.

Some aspects of Law include:

Development of the Common Law and Equity

  • What is the ‘Common Law’ system and how did it develop?
  • What legal remedies are available to people bringing common law actions?

Legal Values: Rule of Law; Human Rights; Morality

  • What is the ‘Rule of Law’?
  • How does morality affect the law?


  • What is the process of making (statute) law?
  • How is legislation delegated?

The Doctrine of Precedent

  • What is the role of judge-made law and policy?
  • How is ‘case law’ made?

European Law

  • What is the European Convention on Human Rights and how does it impact on the legal system of England and Wales?
  • How does European Community law affect laws of England and Wales?

Judges and Magistrates

  • How does someone become a Magistrate?
  • What are the social backgrounds of Judges and why is this important?



Students will study the WJEC Examination Board specification 2251/01 (AS) and 3251/01 (A2)

AS Examination

Unit 1 (1.5 hours)
Understanding Legal Values, Structures and Processes.
Two essay questions from a choice of six.

Unit 2 (1.5 hours)
Understanding Legal Reasoning, Personnel and Methods.
Two stimulus response questions from a choice of four.

A2 Examination

Unit 3 (1.5 hours)
Understanding Substantive Law.
Two legal problem questions from a choice of four.

Unit 4 (2.5 hours)
Understanding Law in Context.
Two essay questions from a choice of four and one stimulus response question from a choice of two.

General Comments

This course is a good choice for students considering a career in the professions, or those who simply want to understand how the world works. Law goes well with Economics, History, Sociology and English but also combines well with Science based students, giving them a broader perspective on the world. Students should be interested in current affairs, maintaining a wide knowledge of society and legal issues through watching TV programmes, news bulletins and documentaries and also newspapers and relevant magazines.

Future Prospects

This course is suitable for students who aspire to a management position in their future career or who have a genuine interest in current affairs. The course provides the basis for future progression to a variety of law and humanities degrees and also provides breadth and develops evaluative skills for students aspiring to a degree course in a different subject discipline. The qualification is well regarded by employers at post-18 with Law students typically acquiring employment in the law or in areas such as journalism, local government and then civil service.